What to Expect During Your Dog’s Abdominal Ultrasound

If your veterinarian has recommended an abdominal ultrasound for your dog, it’s natural to have questions and concerns. This non-invasive procedure plays a crucial role in diagnosing various health conditions in dogs, providing valuable insights into their internal organs without the need for surgery. Here’s what you can expect during your dog’s abdominal ultrasound:


Before the ultrasound, your veterinarian may ask you to fast your dog for a period of time to ensure clearer images of the abdominal organs. This typically involves withholding food for 12 hours before the procedure while allowing access to water. It’s important to follow these instructions carefully to ensure the effectiveness of the ultrasound.


  1. Initial Examination: Your dog will be gently positioned on a comfortable examination table. The veterinarian or a trained veterinary technician will apply a gel to your dog’s abdomen, which helps transmit sound waves and ensures clear images.
  2. Ultrasound Imaging: A small, handheld device called a transducer is used to transmit high-frequency sound waves into your dog’s body. These sound waves bounce off the internal organs and tissues, creating real-time images on a screen. Your veterinarian will carefully move the transducer across different areas of the abdomen to examine various organs such as the liver, kidneys, spleen, bladder, and intestines.
  3. Evaluation and Interpretation: As the images appear on the screen, your veterinarian will evaluate them in real-time. They may take screenshots or video clips of specific findings for further analysis or to document changes over time. This immediate evaluation allows for on-the-spot assessments and discussions with you about the findings.

Importance of Abdominal Ultrasound

Abdominal ultrasounds are invaluable diagnostic tools for identifying a wide range of conditions in dogs, including:

  • Liver Disease: Such as hepatitis or tumors.
  • Kidney Disease: Including cysts or stones.
  • Gastrointestinal Issues: Such as foreign bodies or tumors.
  • Reproductive Problems: Including pregnancy confirmation or uterine abnormalities.
  • Urinary Tract Abnormalities: Such as bladder stones or infections.

Comfort and Safety

One of the greatest benefits of abdominal ultrasound is its non-invasiveness. Unlike surgical procedures, ultrasounds are painless and generally well-tolerated by dogs. Most dogs remain calm and relaxed throughout the procedure, and it typically does not require sedation unless your dog is particularly anxious or restless.

Aftercare and Follow-Up

After the ultrasound, your veterinarian will discuss the findings with you. Depending on the results, further diagnostic tests or treatments may be recommended. Your vet may also provide guidance on post-procedural care if any special considerations are needed based on the findings.


Understanding what happens during a canine abdominal ultrasound can help alleviate any concerns you may have about the procedure. It’s a safe and effective way to gain valuable insights into your dog’s health and to guide veterinary care decisions. Always feel free to ask your veterinarian any questions you may have before, during, or after the ultrasound to ensure you are fully informed and comfortable with the process.

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